Last week, I was lucky enough to spend four days in the historic city of Bologna, Italy. The first two days were filled with the proceedings of the Magna Charta Universitatum’s 27th annual conference, which I attended as part of the first ever student panel. It was an experience of a lifetime, but I’ll tell you a lot more about that in another blog post.
Today, I want to focus on the Archiginnasio Palace of Bologna. The remaining two days of my trip were dedicated to seeing as many sights as possible, and the Archiginnasio is one of the most prominent buildings in the city centre of Bologna.
Archiginnasio di Bologna
The Archiginnasio, built in the 16th century, was once the main building of the University of Bologna. The University of Bologna itself is considered to be the oldest university in the world. Pope Pius commissioned the construction of the Archiginnasio to create a single place to teach many different faculties, which at a that time were dispersed throughout the city. The building stopped being used as a university in 1803 and was shortly re-purposed as a primary school. From 1838 onwards, the Archiginnasio became the seat of the municipal library.
Coats of Arms
The ceilings, walls, and staircases of the Archiginnasio are decorated with inscriptions and monuments commemorating the masters of the ancient university, as well as thousands of different crests or coats of arms and students names. Quoted from the Archiginnasio official website:
The coats of arms were put there to reinforce the idea of authority and power of the institution: as in the gallery of noble palaces the paintings celebrate the splendor of the family, as so in the University the heraldic decorations emphasized the history, the prestige of the academic tradition, while the inscriptions and the mottos were an invitation to the intellectual and moral elevation. From the construction of the building until the end of the 1700s inscriptions and commemorative monuments of the masters of the Studio were placed there, together with the students’ coats of arms. Currently, the coats of arms that follow one another in the halls, in the corridors and along the grand staircases are around 6,000. Organized in horizontal stripes or surrounding the celebratory monuments, the coats of arms account for more than just the name and the place of origin of the student, but also of the home country that the student was representing.
The Archiginassio also houses the historical anatomical theatre of the medical school in Bologna. It was first built in 1636 and has the form of an amphitheatre to offer the best views for anatomy lessons. The theatre is completely made of wood, including the richly decorated ceiling. The walls display wooden statues of ancient physicians like Hippocrates. The white marble dissection table, used for both humans and animals, is placed in the middle of the room. The theatre was almost completely destroyed by the bombardment of Bologna during World War II, but was rebuilt by using recovered pieces from the rubble.
Stabat Mater Lecture Hall
Unfortunately, it was impossible to visit the library, renowned for its collection of antique manuscripts and rare books. However, we did get to see one of 10 historic lecture halls in the Archiginassio, like the Stabat Mater Lecture Hall. Today the room is used for conferences, but there were still plenty of interesting books to look at. Most were related to scientific disciplines like chemistry, physics and zoology. We also found some very ‘interesting’ books about ‘women’s education’, involving topics of virginity and marriage. Silly scientists!
I hope you enjoyed this post. Bologna is definitely one of the most beautiful and intriguing cities I’ve managed to visit so far. The city is a goldmine in terms of cultural heritage. It was simply incredible. I can’t wait to tell you more about all the places we explored in the next blog posts. See you soon!